THE DIABETIC FOOT
When you have diabetes, you have a risk of developing foot problems. For example, you can get severe foot infections on the soles of your feet, ankles and sometimes on your leg. Don’t worry, there are simple steps you can take to prevent foot infections from getting worst but speak to your doctor for more advice.
Why do diabetics have a risk of developing foot infections?
- Diabetics have a poor blood circulation, it’s caused by glucose damaging blood vessels. This means, if you have cuts or sores they will heal at a slower rate.
- The second cause of foot infection is the loss of sensation because of poor blood circulation but high blood glucose can also damage your nerves. So, when you can’t feel for example, a cut. Bacteria will start growing and infection will increase.
- Another cause is glucose, bacteria can use glucose as fuel to grow and infect the site of injury faster.
What happens if you don’t treat your sores, cuts and ulcers?
- If you don’t treat your sores, ulcers or cuts. They can become infected or the infection will get worse.
- When ulcers are infected, sepsis can occur and lead to gangrene of the toe.
What are signs of a serious foot problems?
If you see any of the following signs speak to your doctor for more advice.
- Tingling sensation or pins and needles.
- A dull ache.
- Shiny, smooth skin on your feet.
- Hair loss on your legs and feet.
- Loss of feeling your legs and feet.
- Your feet don’t sweat.
- Wounds or sores that don’t heal.
- Cramps in your calves when resting or walking.
- Blisters and cuts that you can see but don’t feel.
- Foul smell coming from an open wound.
Tips on how to prevent foot problems?
- Manage blood glucose levels, blood pressure and cholesterol.
- Get expert advice.
- Check your feet every day.
- Make sure your footwear fits.
- Eat a healthy balanced diet and stay active.
- Be careful when you cut your nails.